:: Grass ::

See the table below to select the grass most suited to your application.

GRASS TYPE Description Picture Hot Weather Tolerance Shade Tolerance Wear Resistance Salt Tolerance Recovery from Injury
Winter Color
Mowing Height Use Fertilization Watering Mowing Fungicides
Raleigh St. Augustine description image Good Good Fair Good Fair Moderate
Lawns fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Palmetto St. Augustine description image Good Better Good Very Good Good Dormant 1 1/2"
to 2 "


fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Floratam St. Augustine description image Excellent Good Fair Fair Good   2" - 3" Lawns fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Sapphire St. Augustine description image Excellent Good Good Good Good   2 1/2"
to 3"
Residential fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Empire Zoysia description image Excellent Moderate Good Good Good Excellent 1" - 2"
7 - 14 days
Lawns fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Cavalier Soysia description image Grows Well Good Fair Good Slow Excellent Zoysiagrass should be mown at 0.75 to 2.5 inches. Cultivars such as Emerald Lawns, golf course fairways, tee boxes and parks, sprot fields and other recreational areas fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Centipede description image Excellent Good Fair Fair Fair Moderate Dormancy 1-2" Medium Lawns, Low Maintenance Areas fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Celebration Bermuda Certified description image Excellent Moderate Excellent Good Excellent Fall color
0.5-2" (1" is optimal) Sport Fields
Golf Courses
Country Clubs
High Schools
fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass
Tifway 419 description image Excellent Low Excellent Very Good Excellent Dormant 1/2" to 1" low Fairways, Sprot Fiedls Tees fertilization watering mowing your grass fungicide for your grass

turfgrass products

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0-0-15 Confront 3 Mini Granular
Used at anytime for broadleaf weed control, excellent to spot treat individual weeds in lawn

8-4-24 .38% Eagle
Systemic fungicide used to cure or prevent many diseases in turf, especially useful for control of brown patch, dollar spot and spring dead spot.

Perk Stress Relief
Used at any time during the growing season when deep green color is desired without unnecessary top growth.

Talstar SOP .073%
Insecticide with many uses, controls chinch bugs, fall armyworms, fire ants and many other insects

Mowed every 4 to 7 days during growing season
Every 3 days, 1" beneath the surface should be moist.
Tifway 419 Bermuda grass should be fertilized in mid-September. They suggest that you apply a full-analysis fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphate and potassium at the ratio of approximately 1 pound of fertilizer per 1,000 square foot of sod.
Tifway Grass
To Greyish green and of fine texture, grows best in full sun. Can be planted in srpigs or solid sod. Weed and disease are no problem for this grass, spreads faster than other grasses of the same type. used for fairways, athletic fields, tees, etc. Usually should be mowed 1- 1/2" to 2". Sprigging should be done between April 15 and October 15.
Bermuda typically wants more Nitrogen than Milorganite can supply.

You apply a complete fertilizer (15-5-10 or 20-5-10) for the first application in late winter after it greens up about 50%, then every 30 or 45 days use a straight nitrogen slow release urea like 29-0-0 for the rest of the year.

Pre-emergence is optional but should be made in two applications 6-weeks apart with the first application when the soil temps reach 50 degrees at 1-inch depth, or when the Forsythia petals out. If timing is not correct or the second application is not made, you risk breakthrough of the barrier. Trust me your service only applies one application with no regard to soil temps only an X on a calendar.

Because Celebration is aggressive with weeds, it rarely experiences disease and insect problems.  All of these qualities equate to less downtime and more rounds played.
Once established, Celebration requires only moderate watering, mowing, de-thatching, and maintenance.
Once established, Celebration requires only moderate watering, mowing, de-thatching, and maintenance.
celebration bermuda grass
If you're looking for a turf for golf courses, polo fields or other sports venues, Celebration Bermuda is one rugged performer. Attractive as well as durable, Celebration is a hybrid cultivar of Bermuda grass developed in Australia for exceptional functionality in a wide range of applications. In fact, Celebration was rated #1 for wear and overall turf quality by a North Carolina State University study.
Tolerant to Sentinel, Daconil and Eagle
Every 7 to 10 days during growing.
Water as needed 1/2" should be soaked from the surface
Slow vertical shoot growth rate. Typically found in moist, acid, sandy soil with low fertility. For this reason, centipede is know as a low maintenance grass.
Centipede grass is native to China and Parts of Southeast Asia and was brought to the US in 1916. It is found in South America, the West Indies and parts of Africa. It is a slow growing creeping grass and has short stems growing upward.  This makes it resemble a centipede insect and so that is what it is called.
Zoysiagrasses differ considerably in their morphological appearance which is often confusing to the practicianer, however the species classification appears to transcend the textural classes designated by other researchers. Species classification of many of the zoysiagrasses is under question. White et al. (1993) grouped the grasses into four textural classes including (1) short narrow, (2) short wide, (3) long narrow, and (4) long wide leaf types.
The best (cheapest) organic fertilizer to use is either corn meal, soy meal, or alfalfa meal, depending on local prices at your feed store. You can pay 6 times more for the branded organic fertilizers but they have the same ingredients as listed above. So does dog food, by the way, but it also costs more and has salt in it.

You can apply any one of them at 10-20 pounds per 1,000 square feet any day of the year, rain or shine. If you accidentally dump the entire 50 pound bag in one spot, don't worry. Just sweep most of it up and spread it around. The spot that took most of the hit will look as normal as the rest of the yard. The point here is that you canno overdo these organic fertilizers.

Resistance to Rhizoctonia Blight, Resistance to Pythium Blight
When is dormant
cabalier sozsia grass
Cavalier is a Z. matrella which is vegetatively propagated and genetically stable and uniform. Chromosome number is 2n = 40. Cavalier is distinguished from other zoysiagrass by it's fine texture, long, narrow leaf, with low rhizome, but high density stolon production. It has good to excellent salt tolerance, and good shade tolerance. Cavalier is resistant to the fall armyworm and the tropical sod webworm. Cavalier is intermediate in its growth and recovery rate. Cavalier has good - excellent winter hardiness and will persist in regions north to Kansas, Missouri and Southern Illinois as well as the Southern states. Cavalier rated number one in the NTEP trials over 3 yrs at 24 locations ranging from California - Georgia and north to Nebraska and Colorado. Cavalier will find its primary utility in home lawns, golf course fairways and tee boxes and in parks, sports fields and other recreational areas. Cavalier has been identified by several golf course architects as the future grass of choice for golf course fairways in the cool season-warm season transition zone.
Be aware of Pythium.
7 to 14 days during Spring and Summer, every 10 to 14 days for Fall and Winter
Only when needed. 1"/per week.
It is recommended to apply 2 to 4 pounds of nitrogen for 1000 sq feet. 3 times a year with 13-13-13 mis. Do not overfertilize.
Emprie Soysia
Empire Zoysia Grass is very drought tolerant, in fact it may recover from 60 day droughts!  Empire Zoysia is also very resistant to insects, tolerates heat, wear, is naturally weed resistant and has excellent disease resistance. This makes for a "green" grass that requires fewer chemical inputs and less frequent mowing due to the horizontal growth pattern.
floratam St. Augustine
Floratam St. Augustine grass was released by the Floridaand Texas Agricultural Experiment Stations in 1972 as a SAD virus and chinch bug resistant selection. It has since been observed to be brown patch tolerant. Like other Florida types, Floratam is a vigorous, coarse textured St. Augustine grass variety. Floratam has a purple stigma color and is sterile. Stolons of Floratam are large, purplish-red in color with internodes averaging 3 inches in length. Leaf blades are wider and longer than common St. Augustine grass. According to James Beard, TAEX Turf Researcher - retired, test at A&M concluded it is the most drought-tolerant of all St. Augustine grasses.
Use a starter fertilizer that is low in Nitrogen and The use of a high Nitrogen fertilizer on a new lawn can cause permanent damagehigher in Phosphorus and Potassium. Incorporate at 3" if possible. A recommended starter fertilizer would be Milorganite or a similar product.
Sapphire New installations are often uneven, and care should be taken not to scalp high areas. A common mistake is not to mow a newly
installed lawn, which
slows establishment and encourages the turf to become "leggy".
Once established, Sapphire requires water on an as-needed basis.

During stressful times of the year, i.e., extremely wet and/or hot periods, a preventative fungicide should be applied at the
time of installation.

.Sapphire St. Augustine
Superior look and feel, like not other in the world! When ordinary isn't in your vocabulary, look to Sapphire St. Augustine to create an impressive lawn. Sapphire is the only high performance, finer bladed St. Augustine in the world. Boasting a distinctive deep, blue-green color along with a soft texture you'll love running your fingers thru.
Longer-residual products such as Heritage and Compass are preferred; however, a number of other products can be used
during the establishment period, such as Subdue MAXX, Banner MAXX and ProStar
Start irrigating as soon as the first symptoms of wilting are observed.
responds to fertilization, especially nitrogen. Nitrogen fertilization will produce a dense turf with excellent color.
Weekly - Rotary Mower

Tolerant to Daconil, Heritage, or Banner.

When mowed high (3" - 4") it is often mistaken for fescue. The leaf blades are tapered at the tip with a rounded end, and are soft to the touch, unlike the prickly feel of Floratam. Mow as needed.
Supplemental watering will not be needed for lawns during periods of drought.

Proper mowing, irrigation and fertilization of Palmetto will reduce weed problems. If a weed problem persists:

.palmetto St. Augustine Grass
Palmetto is a native St. Augustine grass cultivar selected for better color and finer texture than ordinary St. Augustine grass. Palmetto St. Augustine grass demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat, and drought tolerance. This versatile turfgrass is used across the southern United States from the Carolinas to California under a wide range of climate and soil conditions making it the ideal choice for residential and commercial use.
Tolerant to Daconil, Sentinel or Eagle
3.5" - 4" for normal St. Augustine cultivars
Needs weekly watering for optimal appearance, but will survive drought conditions
Fertilization during the establishment period (first three months after planting) is critical to developing a complete cover of St. Augustine grass. A starter fertilizer (one high in phosphorous) or a balanced, complete fertilizer should be applied at planting time. Subsequent applications of nitrogen at monthly intervals at a rate of 1 pound per 1,000 square feet will promote rapid spread of St. Augustine grass plugs. Weeds can be controlled preemerge with atrazine or post emerge with asulam (Asulox) and hormone-type herbicides (2,4-D, MCPP, dicamba).
Raleigh grass

Raleigh grass, which is a cold-hardy St. Augustinegrass cultivar, was first discovered on a lawn in Raleigh North Carolina and released to the public by North Carolina State University in 1980. It has a medium green color with a coarse texture. It is susceptible to chinch bugs, but this variety of St. Augustinegrass can be planted in northern Florida due to its tolerance to lower temperatures. It is also susceptible to brown patch disease. During peak summertime heat, Raleigh has been noted to yellow and to not grow as aggressively as during cooler temperatures. Supplemental iron applications can reduce this yellowing tendency. Raleigh is best adapted to the heavier, organic, clay soils with medium to low soil pH in central and north Florida.

Raleigh was well received by sod growers throughout the southeast, but, unfortunately, little university research has been done to date on this cultivar. It is often described as highly tolerant of shade, drought, and cold, but no impartial evidence of these claims exists at this time.